20 Tweaks to Fix a slow computer

April 25, 2010

  • How to fix a slow computer or pc ?

    This same question or some other variant of it such as why is my computer   running slow? or may be my computer is running slow what should I do ? are asked time and time again by many people.

    slow pc fix

    Most of the times the reason for slowing down of your computer is a small one but it often is ignored and hence your computer or pc is running slow.

    Here are 22 tweaks to fix a slow computer and some insights on what exactly might be causing your computer to slow down.

    To begin with the reason for a slow computer may be due to a software’s(most of the times) or might be due to some hardware reason.

    Most common reasons for a computer or a pc running slow are:-

    Your computer’s performance is set to high- Its not always right for your computer to be running at high performance.

    You Hard disk drive is running short in storage space.

    Its time for your to have a fresh install of your operating system ,as your computer might need some clean up.

    Software tweaks to fix a slow computer.

    1. Stop unnecessary applications to run when your Computer boots up.

    To see which programs run at the start up of your computer press the windows key and R at the same time ,a dialog box will open up.

    In this type msconfig and hit enter.

    msconfig

    Now go to the start up tab and then uncheck the programs that you do not use at the start up of your computer.

    system configuration1

    This will certainly improve the boot time of your computer.

    2. Make some space in your hard disk.

    Make sure your hard drive always has some space in it and try to do disk clean up once in a while and remove unnecessary junk files that are eating up your disk space.

    To open disk clean up go to the start menu and type disk cleanup.Select the drive that you want to clean up and then have a decide what files are not needed and delete them.

    3. Hard drive defragmentation.

    Try to defragment your computers hard drive every 2-4 months.
    Defragmentation helps you do get rid of all the unnecessary files and also keeps you hard drive in good shape

    To launch defragmenter go to start menu and type defragmenter and then defragment your hard drive.

    4. Adjust the performance of your computer.

    You computer can really be slow it it is doing a lot of graphical tasks and at times computers with high range configurations also slow down due to this reason.

    To adjust what animating and graphical features are being run you can

    Right click on my computer properties under advanced settings select performance settings turn off the features that you do not want.

    5. Get more physical / virtual memory.

    You can also choose to increase your computers virtual/physical memory , this memory is simply spare space on your hard drive Windows uses just as it would use spare memory/RAM.

    To change the virtual memory of your computer

    Right click on my computer properties under advanced settings go to virtual memory adjust the amount of RAM used according to your needs.

    6. Make sure that you do not a virus slowing down your computer.

    One of the most common reasons for a computer running slow or may be even going dead at times is that your pc has been infected with some nasty virus and it is duplicating and/or using up the resources of your computer.

    MacAfee provides a free scan for your computer to see if it has been infected with any spy ware or a virus.

    7. Disable unused network ports or other controllers running uselessly in your computer.

    8. Check your drives for any bad sectors by running scan disk.

    File errors and bad sectors to contribute to slowing of your pc.
    To check your drives for file errors :-
    Right click on your drive properties select error checking in tools.

    9. Update your operating system.

    updates

    Sometimes their are security updates or bug fixes that are necessary for your operating system to function properly .It is advisable to update your OS manually ,as we need to avoid unnecessary updates.

    10. Hide the hidden files.

    Though it is sometimes helpful to show the hidden files but your computer has to work harder to find these random hidden files (some of which are only temporary).

    hidden-files

    So keep the hidden files hidden by going to tools and folder options.

    11.Ensure that no unnecessary program is running.

    To see what services are being run currently on your computer go to run by pressing windows key plus the “R” button and then type msconfig and hit enter.

    In this window go to the services tab and tick the button that says hide Hide all Microsoft Services ,now you can turn of any service that you want to (You will have to reboot your computer).

    To see what programs are running go press ctrl+alt+delete to open the task manager. And go to the programs tab.

    processes

    Before you end up any of the programs being used by your operating system it is highly advisable to first do a little search in Google ,as to why is the program running and what is it needed for.

    12.Sacrifice a little quality for a much better speed of your games.

    You will need to adjust your video card settings.To do so :-
    Right click your desktop properties Settings Advanced look for your graphics card control panel .Great fix for slow PC while playing games.

    13.Speed up the Boot Sequence if you have multiple operating systems installed in one computer.

    When you start your computer ,it takes some time for your computer to select the operating system (In multiple OS installation), you can decrease this time by :-
    Go to Run, then type msconfig and under Boot.ini you will see timeout 30 seconds change that to around 3-5 seconds.

    14.Your operating system needs to be installed afresh.

    Finally you should wipe out your years old installation of the OS install it afresh.

    As I have said above also  you should re-install or make fresh installation of your operating system  every couple of months.

    It doesn’t mean you have to loose all your files or anything like that you can make backups or just simply partition your hard drive into two and do a fresh install on a separate partition to where all your backup files are. Find out how to do a Fresh Install.

    15.Format your drives as NTFS and not FAT32.

    Remember to choose NTFS and not FAT32 ,16 or anything else when you are formatting your hard drive.The reason I am telling is because NTFS formatted hard drives are much much faster than the older FAT32 format.

    Hardware Methods to fix a slow computer.

    16. Overheating of your CPU

    Overheating of CPU most of the times is due to some dust obstructing the air flow from your computer to outside.So make sure to clean up your computers vents every couple of months(especially if your computer is in a dusty place)

    Overheating does occur more in hot weather so do not worry much about it ,but if does heat in normal temperatures also then you may need to get a coolant for your computer.

    Here is how you can check your CPU temperature using some software’s.

    17. Hard drive is dying.

    If you start to hear weird noises from your hard drive like the disc is not spinning inside it properly or unusually loud noises this could be a sign of a hard drive near death or overheating.

    18. Increase the RAM of your computer.

    With the cost of RAM being so low ,their is no reason for you not to have a decent RAM for your computer.
    More RAM is faster computer.
    Remember to check the type of RAM  your computer is using and it is advisable to get the new RAM of the same brand the one already their in your computer(to avoid any possible conflicts)

    19. Bios Settings.

    Go into your BIOS settings(see the start up of your computer to know which button you need to press to go to BIOS) and check that your computer is set to function at high performance.

    20. Overclocking

    One of the well know methods of fixing a slow computer is to increase the speed of your CPU.

    Some motherboards allow you to do so via BIOS and some do not allow you do it at all.

    Remember, doing this as you need to monitor the health of CPU carefully and ensure it doesn’t overheat. Heat is the biggest danger to overclockers.

    { 1 comment… read it below or add one }

    aykak May 9, 2011 at J May

    wow awsome and greate tips … keep up

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